MĂRGINEANU

Nicolae MĂRGINEANU

Nicolae Margineanu’s journey started in 1905 in the village Obreja and ended in 1980 in Cluj. He began his life under Austro-Hungarian domination, was a witness to the 1918 Union, lived under three kings: Ferdinand, Carol II and Mihai, and survived all of Romania’s dictatorships, from absolute monarchy to the legionnaires rebelion, the Antonescian dictatorship and finally Comunism. Born under Franz Iosef, he died under Ceausescu.

Nicolae Margineanu studied psychology at the University of Cluj and had post-graduate studies in Leiptzig, Berlin, Hamburg, Paris and London. He was awarded a Rockefeller scholarship for two years in the great American Universities of Harvard, Yale, Columbia, Chicago and Duke. He returned to Romania and became a professor at the University of Cluj. He was arrested in 1948 and spent 16 years in the prisons of: Malmaison, Jilava, Pitesti, Aiud and Gherla.

One of the Romania’s greatest psychologists. A sixteen years political prisoner, with prodigious work despite of his tragic destiny

Nicolae Margineanu – psiholog 1905 – 1980
Membru post-mortem al Academiei Romane din 2012


EDUCATION:

Licentiate (1927) and doctor (1929) in philosophy, main specialty psychology, with magna cum laudae, at the University of Cluj.

Reader in psychology at the Faculty of Philosophy and Letters from the University of Cluj.

Specialty education at the Universities of Leipzig, Berlin and Hamburg (1929), Sorbona – Paris (1935) and London (1935).

Scientific researcher as a scholar of the Rockefeller Foundation at the Harvard Unversity, Yale, Columbia, Chicago and Duke (1932-1934)


JOBS:

Tutor (1926-1928), assistent (1928-1936) and project manager (1936-1938) at the Psichology Institute of the University of Cluj.

Lecturer of applicated psychology at the Faculty of Philosophy and Letters from the University of Cluj (1938-1947).

Substitute professor of psychology and director of the Psychology Institute of the Faculty of Philosophy and Letters from the University of Cluj (1938-1942).

Director of the Psychotechnic Laboratory of the Labour Ministry from Cluj, in Sibiu (1941-1943)

POLITICAL PRISONER (1948 – 1964).

Main scientific researcher, second grade, at the Institute of Pedagogical Science, responsible of the Cluj branch (1969-1971).

Substitute professor, with attributions of scientific research, at the department of Psychology at the Faculty of History and Philosophy of the “Babes-Bolyai” University from Cluj (1971-1980).

Guest professor at the University of Bonn (1971).

Guest professor at the University of Hamburg (1972).

Guest of the Rockefeller Foundation from USA, between 1979-1980. He returns to Romania when American doctors confirm he has cancer.

He dies June 13, 1980, in Cluj.


BOOKS:

At the publishing house of the Psichology Institute of the University of Cluj:

Psychology of exercise, 1929, 158 p
Psychotechnics in Germany, 1929, 88 p
Contemporary German psychology, 1930, 350 p
Learning psychology, 1931, 180 p
Contemporary French psychology, 1932, 320 p
Configuration psychology (in co-operation with L. Rusu, A. Rosca, D. Todoran), 1929, 176 p
Elements of psyhometry, 1938, 376 p
The analysis of psychic factors, 1938, 216 p
Human psychology, I-st edition: 1940, 570 p; II-nd edition: 1941, 574 p
Psychotechnics in great industry, 1942, 156 p
Psichotechnics, 1943, 504 p

Other publishing houses:

The evolution problem, edited at Society of tomorrow, Cluj, 1931, 84 p
Nature of science, edited at the Scientific Publishing House, Bucharest, 1969, 504 p
Being kind-hearted, edited at the Publishing House for Literature, 1970, 304 p
Psychology and literature, edited at the Dacia Publishing House, Cluj, 1971, 350 p
School and Professional Orientation – scientific coordinator and author of five chapters, containing about 100 pages, edited at the Didactical and Pedagogical Publishing House, Bucharest, 1972, 350 p
Human Condition – her bio-psycho-social and cultural, edited at the Scientific Publishing House, Bucharest, 1973, 650 p
Logical and mathematical psychology, edited at the Dacia Publishing House, 1975, 350 p (the book develops the lessons held at the Bonn University, as a guest professor)
Amphitheaters and prisons, edited at the Dacia Publishing House, Cluj, 1991, 260 p
Human psychology, III-rd edition, edited at the Scientific Publishing House, Bucharest, 1999, 600 p
Depth and height Psychology, edited at the University Press of Cluj, 1999, 215 p

A number of approximate 35 articles in specialty magazines and all-round education, plus approximate 25 tests and questionnaire, observation cards applied in schools and factories.
In foreign languages:

Beitrage zur Psychologie der Ubung, Zeitscher. F. Angew. Psychol. 39, 1931, 491-530.
La theorie des facteurs, L’Ann. Psychol., Paris, 25, 1934, 50-84
Les facteurs psychologiques, L’Ann. Psychol., Paris, 25, 1934, 85-102.
La nature de la loi scientifique et ses conditions d’exactitude, Paris, Alcan. Homage Volume, dedicated to P. Janet, 32 p
Logical and Mathematical Psychology, edited at the University Press of Cluj, 1997, 316 p (posthumous)
Depth and height Psychology, edited at the University Press of Cluj, 1998, 218 p

LETTERS (facsimiles)


Gordon W. Allport 1938 December 10 letter
(Cambridge Massachusetts)
PDF file for download (592 Kb)

EdwardThorndike 1934 January 9 letter
(Teachers College-Columbia University)
PDF file for download (72 Kb)

H. Pieron 1939 March 29 letter
(Universite De Paris-Institut De Psychologie)
PDF file for download (124 Kb)

L. L. Thurstone 1938 June 13 letter
(The University Of Chicago)
PDF file for dowload (100 Kb) Saul Rosenzweig 1936 July 10 letter
(The Commonwealth Of Massachusetts-Department Of Mental Diseases)
PDF file for download (116 Kb)

Stacy May 1933 June 8 letter
(The Rockefeller Foundation-The Social Sciences)
PDF file for download (104 Kb)

Thomas A. 1933 August 3 letter
(The Rockefeller Foundation-Office Of The President)
PDF file for download (84 Kb)

 

LETTERS:


Corespondenta Cu Gordon W. Allport 1933-1967

PDF file for download (267 Kb)

 

E-BOOKS DOWNLOAD (PDF):


LOGICAL AND MATHEMATICAL PSYCHOLOGY Dialectical interpretation of their relations
PDF file for download (6.6 Mb)

Psihologie si literatura
PDF file for download (1.8 Mb)

Marturii asupra unui veac zbuciumat
PDF file for download (2.1 Mb)

DEPTH AND HEIGHT PSYCHOLOGY
PDF file for download (8.8 Mb)

 

ARTICLES:


Convorbire realizata de Sanda Cordos si Anca Hatiegan cu Dana Taranu
PDF file for download (264 Kb)

Jilava penitentiary

“When the room opened, second on the right, I had the feeling I was stepping into a hecatomb. Hence the name ‘catacombs’, as the regular detainees called the rooms in the redoubt!. The room was, in fact, a vaulted corridor 15 meters long and 5 meters wide, 75 square meters, holding 350 detainees, around 5 square meters per person. A veritable anthill! Over the day, people crowded on the two wooden bunks that ran the entire length of the room. One third of them stretched overnight under the first bunk, to sleep on the cement, in the so called ‘snake pit’. It was very hard to get in there, because the first bunk was only 60 or 70 cm off the ground. As the two rows of bunks and the two ‘snake pits’ couldn’t hold more than 300 to 320 people, the rest had to sleep on the corridor between the bunks, around a meter and a half wide. Also on the corridor was the line of 15 to 20 people who were waiting to urinate. They had to step over those on the ground. The food was almost entirely water, and it was very cold in the ‘snake pit’. Which is why everyone had to urinate at least 3 to 5 times during the night. Near the door there were two metal buckets for biological needs on one side, and two with water on the other. The water was used mostly for washing in the morning and for the biological needs, because the water in the food was enough. In these 30 cm space per person, people could only sleep on one side. When the position got uncomfortable, one of the detainees gave the order to flip sides. A true inferno, which Dante’s fantasy could not have imagined!”

Excerpt from the book : Witnessing Romania’s Century of Turmoil, Memoirs of a Political Prisoner, Univerity of Rochester Press, 2017

Photos Nicolae Margineanu

Witnesing Romania’s Century of Turmoil

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Title: Witnesing Romania's Century of Turmoil
Publishing House: Rochester Press
Year: 2017
Pages: 340
Domain: Psychology

Marturii Asupra Unui Veac Zbuciumat

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Title: Marturii Asupra Unui Veac Zbuciumat
Publishing House: Editura Fundatiei Culturale Romane
Year: 2002
Pages: 397
Domain: Autobiographic
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PSIHOLOGIE SI LITERATURA

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Title: Psihologia si Literatura IInd edition (Ist edition 1971)
Publishing House: Editura Dacia
Year: 2002
Pages: 302
Domain: Psychology
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Psihologia Persoanei IIIrd edition

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Title: Psihologia Persoanei IIIrd edition
Publishing House: Editura Stiintifica
Year: 1999
Pages: 569
Domain: Psychology

PSIHOLOGIA ADANCURILOR SI INALTIMILOR

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Title: Psihologia Adancurilor si Inaltimilor
Publishing House: Presa Universitara Clujeana
Year: 1999
Pages: 215
Domain: Psychology

Depth And Height Psychology

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Title: Depth And Height Psychology
Publishing House: Presa Universitara Clujeana
Year: 1998
Pages: 217
Domain: Psychology

Amphitheaters and prisons

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Title: Amphitheaters and prisons
Publishing House: Edited at the Dacia Publishing House
Year: 1991
Pages: 261
Domain: Autobiographic

Logical and mathematical psychology

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Title: Logical and mathematical psychology
Publishing House: edited at the Dacia Publishing House
Year: 1975
Pages: 280
Domain: Psychology
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Human Condition

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Title: Human Condition
Publishing House: Scientific Publishing House
Year: 1973
Pages: 392
Domain: Psychology

Being Kind Hearted

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Title: Being Kind Hearted
Publishing House: Edited at the Publishing House for Literature
Year: 1969
Pages: 306
Domain: Psychology

Nature of science

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Title: Nature of science
Publishing House: Edited at the Scientific Publishing House
Year: 1968
Pages: 514
Domain: Psychology